不过，这种直接民主的盛行已合符逻辑的使大家平等博爱，自由愉快，关系和谐，互让互助，坦诚相待，畅所欲言，无需压抑，并良性竞争，首领深孚众望，身先士卒，勇挑重担，保护群猿，大家亲如兄弟，胜似血缘，一方有难，八方支援。如此而来，就根本区别于一切动物包括其它没参与进来的猿猴，尽管它们的数量不多，但因充分自由发挥各自的体能与智慧，焕发出惊人的能量，并群策群力，组成 1+1远远>2 的强有力集体
It is direct democracy that has given birth to mankind, given birth to language, given birth to laughter, given birth to longevity
How on earth were humans born? How did the ancient anthropoid (in fact, it is apes) talent showing itself and turn into human beings who can as the dominate everything including the apes themselves in nature? But, why haven’t other primates and apes with the same physiological functions evolved into humans? And how did a rich and complex language come into being in ancient humans in the absence of a culture? And why can only humans laugh and so on?
This is a dialectical logic based on and also beyond the laws of nature, interlocking with each other and corroborating each other. and could have had success and successes.
For thousands of years, however, all kinds of theories of the human birth and the origin of human language and laugh have failed to put forward the internal logic of science, even the most famous of Darwin’s theory of evolution, only reveals the simple objective process which apes had evolved into human, the theory of evolution has certain scientific, but because of its scientific, there should be a common law applicable to all biology of nature, rather than only applies to the individual or only a few biology, otherwise, it is not scientific.
Then, according to the theory of evolution, since all things in nature have been evolving, and since all things in nature are equal, universally connected, mutually interacting and mutually reinforcing, and the law of the jungle too, restrict each other, without privilege,Then, it is impossible that only the ape alone, can evolve into the high animal who can dominate all things and animals– human,from the crosswise, range view, other animals and biology can only always low evolve, primitive wandering; It is impossible that only some apes among the countless apes were evolving, other apes were just willing to be spectators. It is also impossible that only ancient apes can evolve into human, from longitudinal, time view, but the descendants of apes cannot, that is, according to Darwin’s theory of evolution, reason out the self-contradiction of denying evolution. This is also contrary to the evolutionary principle of “survival of the fittest by natural selection”, not to mention the law of natural balance (see the author’s other monograph).
Because of this fundamental flaw, some scientists have makeup the idea that anthropoid(similar to human) had came first, as if to say that humans was inborn(have already had), it is a clear myths of violation of the nature and human history. In fact, there should only be ordinary apes in nature, no natural anthropoid(similar to human), only chimpanzees are relatively close to or similar to humans.
As for the tools theory of the authority theory:it is because apes can use tools so that they have evolved into humans. The problem is that all primates with division of hands and feet, such as monkeys and bears,can instinctively use simple natural tools, but are far from being able to thereby evolve into humans.
As for creatively use of tools able to defeat predators, herds, or for production, that is the result, not the cause, of having became human. It can be seen that tools are only external causes — changing conditions, as the changes from animals to human can only be based on the qualitative changes from the body and spirit. There is both inevitability and contingency, and contingency is predominant.
Because, if evolution is inevitable, neither conform to law of together with evolution or restrict each other of the natural balance law, nor conform to the history and reality: the vast majority of apes, or the apes in different places, or later apes all can’t evolved into human, nor conform to the basis of natural balance law: not need the noble human in nature, nature can be natural balance, sustainable existence, slow but orderly development or evolving; And, it is conceivable that there could be countless planets with living things in an boundless, timeless universe, but at least most of them have no human birth. Therefore, the birth of human beings on our earth is more accidental, because it is mainly accidental, is consistent with solid evidence: only –
How did a small group of common apes become human?
Before the human society born, except for plants, there were two main groups of animals in nature: carnivores and herbivores. Carnivores commonly known as beasts of prey, infestation of run amuck in the earth, whenever and wherever they had been threating the lives of other animals; Herbivores, due to their strong fecundity, usually move in groups to seize the plant territory. Primates such as apes can also be classified as herbivores. In fact, what we call “anthropoid” are only ordinary apes (orangutans). ”anthropoids” neither ferocity as carnivores, nor fecundity and endurance of herbivores, both always life and death threated by the beast, and unable to contend with herds of horses and cattle and other animals for natural plants because of the limitations of fertility and physical fitness, that how to stand out in the natural selection, survival of the fittest sinister environment, from the weak leap into the mother nature master able to compete beast, dominate the animal?In nature, selfishness and the law of the jungle are the nature of all living things, especially animals. They are the basis for the survival, continuation and evolution of mother nature. Carnivores, because the object they want to eat also includes their own kind, so, one mountain can not be two tigers, if put together often kill each other, its nature like more alone, or only with their own children temporarily together, generally even a vicious tiger will not eat its cub. A few carnivores also live in groups, such as lions and wolves. This is because when hunting herbivores that are several times larger than themselves, requires “strength in Numbers”. However, the number of carnivores in groups will not increase as much as herbivores, as long as it is strong enough, in case short of food, they will fight among themselves, even eat their partners. In this way, not only have carnivores no collective force, but only the misfortune of living in groups;
Herbivores, including primates, do not kill each other because they mainly eat plants. Moreover, the characteristics of plants are numerous and numerous, especially in the face of attacks from predators at any time and anywhere, they need to have a large of numbers to deter. Therefore, their nature is mainly to survive in groups.
In the competitive nature of fight, animals group inevitably produce different levels of strength and weakness, until the king of the group, the king of the animal and other strong lead groups by primary and secondary. Obviously, the group dominated by the king of animals is based on violence and coercion, and dictatorship maintained by despotism and domination by his own and by a small number of associates,sometimes including blood children with the hierarchical level, and which all animals can only be forced to follow. The king of animals arbitrarily commandeered the food of other animals and body of female, and all animals could only offer free sacrifice to the king of animals, and only followed the lead of king. As a result, there was no interaction between ordinary animals, let alone mutual love,and animals and king are also fundamentally opposed, overtly agree but covertly oppose, dare to anger and dare not say, therefore, this kind of group life has only collective form without collective force.
Once attacked by beast of prey, the king of animals will only let other animals as a shield, it rely on strongest strength to escape before others. Other animals are as monkey see monkey do, scrambling to escape, I push you,you squeeze me, give up others to save himself, all want other animals to be eaten by beast,in order to save themselves, regardless and do not understand too the next may be eaten is himself, so that crushed one by one by a few or even a single beast, thousands of horses were defeated by a single lion, hundreds of monkeys were afraid of a single tiger, have always been in cycle of birth and death of being eaten by beasts arbitrarily. the more the number, more abundant food just provide for beasts. In fact, it takes only the strength of a few oxen or kick kung fu(martial arts) of a few horses or houquan unique skill of a few monkey – even no the golden club or 72 kinds of metamorphoses of the Monkey King Sun Wukong, are also enough to defeat any beast. Although this kind of ignorance, or lack of ambition, is what keeps nature in balance.
In central Africa, southeast Asia, tropical jungle, when the occasional lions, tigers again respectively attacked young children of chimpanzees and other apes,,, although the ape’s way of life is generally the small family: that is, a male ape with a few female apes and their children life. in the face of the children screeching, the male ape generally based on selfish and cowardly, only escaped, but individual female ape felt pain, because children were the flesh which fell from themselves, instinctively dared regardless of self, and risk her life to protect their children, and fought beast as reflexes, used the flexible monkey boxing, made the beast hard to succeed, both sides were at a stalemate; other mothers of apes whose children have been eaten by beasts shared a bitter hatred of the enemy, and help to fight back against the beasts, and roared, so that the male ape sideways were also inspired by it, and changed the habit of only escaping, to help. this kind of battle which never before array frightened the beast of prey, who was nature of a bullying and bully the weak and fear the strong, was forced to flee.
From then on, these pioneer of apes stayed together every time, once encountered beast attacking,they spontaneously mutual aid to fight, and gave full play to the advantages of foreleg as hand instinctively, despite in the close fighting, using hand to struck beast sometimes was not enough to make beasts afraid,before the beast rushed over, they looked for stones or sticks, and threw and deterred beasts; When they could not find a stone or stick sometime, in urgent they raised their hands and roared together.
Since they were unarmed, they instinctively embraced into a group under the tension, hand in hand with each other, forming a row or a circle of raising many fists, made the beasts afraid that they would hit out dense of stones or fists,direct the eyes upon and step back. After many rounds, the beasts of prey from not dare to act rashly against them, to staying at a respectful distance, until afraid of them — as if these apes were the king of beasts, and even the African lions and Asian tigers would not dare to fight for the honor of the king of beasts.
After numerous painful lessons of life and death battle experience, these apes were accustomed to together hand in hand,heart to heart, irrespective of big or small, strong or weak,all were equal together hand in hand depend on each other, if the previous ape king sometimes play privileges, disdain to mix with the puniness apes, or disdained or even bully weak or small apes, they were not willing to hand in hand work with the king,and lead to ape king fall behind the ranks, social withdrawal, alone, often became the target attacked by beast hidden in near jungle, this made King no longer usurp the role of the king, and actively joined with everyone equally.
In order to deal with the attack of the beasts group, the apes enlarged unity with other sympathetic apes into an extended family,unity is strength.
However, it is still difficult to change the physiological habits of male apes sexual dominance female apes, which inevitably leads to disharmonious fierce competition within the alliance and make the alliance division. The mother apes could not bear it any longer. After all, the mother apes were the first real hero who dared to fight against the beasts! even were not afraid beasts, how could be afraid of the male ape? ! The female ape changed her submission to the male ape and began to resist the male ape’s “rape” to her, and demanded that sex must gain her willing!
In this way, the conflict between males apes for contending females was reduced. When some male apes turned open strife into infighting between each other, some female apes then curbed directly male apes of infighting between internal friction, showed whom she was only loving or required them to comply with order, as uphold justice,In addition, in the large family of many small family combinations, a female ape is no longer belong to a male ape, so all children only recognized its mother and did not know its father. They instinctively help their mother emotionally, especially because they are impatient with such vices as “fathers”, made the male apes had to obey the female apes, from male apes wanting intercourse must be consensus with female ape,developed to any collaboration or getting along must get agree with both sides and even among all apes.over time,had established the authority of the mother apes, The great apes family turned into a matriarchal clan: equality instead of hierarchy of force, and consent instead of selfish violence.
From then on, a brand new social relationship began: everyone was equal and respected each other, and the more equal everyone was, the more willing they were to communicate and help each other, which gave birth to and enriched language. As most apes in this tropical jungle were of type O blood, they were outspoken by nature, whenever and wherever could express different opinions , and required their mothers to listen to them.
Since when everyone expressed opinions, often hold different points of view,unable to decide which was right, could only agree on which side is more loud voice; Sometimes hard to tell which is better, when they could figure out count, it evolved to the minority is subordinate to the majority rules: referendum for affairs! just right, the apes were accustomed to one unique skill when fighting beast: raising their both hands, withal, also follow suit, approver raised their hands, then figured out number of hands, more than half of the total are valid. the equality and desirable vote had evolved into the main part of the direct democracy – referendums.
Of course, in fact,it is impossibility everything are resorted to the vote,the general affairs were still determined by the mother apes, but generally there were some mother in a tribe, if determined by one mother, obviously not conform to democracy, even if all mothers decided with the way of “minority is subordinate to the majority” of democratic, is not also completely conform to democracy -the justice of decided by all the people, and is not enough in efficiency when dealing with daily various affairs too. Especially as tribal members growing,demand increasing, but, the means of production and labor skills were still in the original slow development, it is difficult to rely on existing sites to produce more food and meet the needs of people, therefore, to expand the living space was the main problem, need the most powerful male apes to hold the post, especially beast of prey circling in outside world, and natural is mystery, need risk,most need more both wisdom and brave. And external activity had often a few people only, be inferior to in big family often had all or majority members gather together,was convenient for collective vote, together with may encounter all sorts of sudden danger risk at any time and place, need to have header unified command, decisive dictatorship.
However, the mother of any small family had no longer been the head of the big family by the blood, because it had already been many families combination, and the mother ape’s strength and courage were generally not as good as the male ape, the old ape is often not as good as the young ape, so, only by not limited the traditional parental priority,there is no need to stick to one pattern among all the members; Most of the weak apes still do not like the strong who bully themselves and play with privileges. The female apes have the same feeling and give priority to care of weak children. Thus, the big family choosing the leader not on strength alone, but on liked by the largest number of members — from the first that great majority of apes flock to the most popular candidate,uplift him together, to count the raising hands when each member agrees to vote,according to the democratic election of the minority subordinate to the majority.
It is likely that the initial election leaders were limited to the troops which take charge external affair of the tribe, and the management leadership was exercised by the mothers within the extended family. not only was the inertia of the newly established matriarchal clan tribe, but also the instinct of all children closer to and support their mothers in blood. And, more lie in maternal love nature is more selfless, caritas, dedication; once the extemal leaders hard to avoid mistakes for their health, or experience, intelligence quotient,or losing the trust of the majority for graft and so on,female apes would lead numbers to sack the chief with the similar voting system, chose new appropriate leader, excluded the beasts of contending for power and profit fight in the new round of competition within, maintained the equality, justice, order and unity of the extended family. in fact, external activities are often the main source of livelihood of the tribe, and the leaders are often easy to corrupt. Fortunately, most of the children are still”the scimitar with straight handle, kid tell the truth.” would protest on the spot or report to their mothers afterwards, so that leaders often were restrained.
Old apes could certainly not use modern so-called constitutional government and its complex separation of powers, restriction each other, autonomy, etc., they judged only according to the most simple likes and dislikes, trade-offs, first female apes led by in unbearable, avoid inevitable counterattack beast of power, and then female apes followed up a victory to revolt their internal hegemony of male apes with the support of many children, began to qualitative leapRule out the hegemony and rape of internal and external, implement the equality of power everyone, all exercise together tribal sovereignty; Even if electing leaders due to the need of external expansion and internal management, they kept instinctively vigilance to the leaders and afraid of reproducing the original overlord beast master. As a result, they were bound to stick to the referendum system and appointed a concise “basic law” with the leaders.
Principal-agent relationship: the leader is only the agent of all the members and can only exercise the power delegated by all the members, and all the members always hold all the sovereignty: any member has the right to bring a referendum, and the leader must implement any decision passed by the referendum, or else the leader can be removed at any time. Of course, within the scope of authority, each member must also submit to the leadership of the leader, unless it is changed or rejected by a referendum. This is the real reasonable sovereignty in the people, is also the human society constitutional basic norms (see the author’s other monograph).However, their intelligence and experience could only be with respect to the crisis in front of them, and they did not understand that should through separation of powers and restriction of each other, ensure the leaders to obey democracy and not abuse power. However, the prevalence of direct democracy had the logic to make everyone equal and caritas, freedom and happy, relationship harmony, mutual accommodation and mutual help, honest, speak out freely, no need to depress, and benign competition, chief enjoyed great popularity, charge at the head of one’s men,were brave to take on heavy responsibilities, protected group of apes, everyone were as close as brothers, more blood, when one party hard,help came from all sides.In this way, it is fundamentally different from all other animals, including other non-participating apes. Although their Numbers are small, they give full play to their physical strength and intelligence, radiated amazing energy, and formed a powerful collective of 1+1>2 Against the beasts of prey, they fought with the strength of the many against the strength of the few shared a bitter hatred of the enemy, unity is strength,so that the weak is able to overcome the strong, until the beast was afraid of them,looked the apes as King –Handsome Monkey King, the ancient Chinese classic “journey to the west” specifically selected monkey Sun Wukong as Great Sage Equalling Heaven,could beat the world all beasts, perhaps also well versed in this way or had this legend then.To herbivorous herd animals, apes divided and encircle them, differentiate to combine attack, with the united minority fight the disunited majority animals, can win more with less, until captured and domesticated herbivorous animals to become the cate that can enjoy at any time or labor tool, in order to aid to open up wasteland additionally to plant, ensured food and live without worry.and could:
1,No longer afraid of any beast, did not need to bow down and lower head, so that the limbs quickly escape, forelimb slowly completely free, as two hands to use, had two hands, they were able to use all the natural tools, and then produced many tools, production life had greatly enriched and improved; Moreover, as the forelimbs became hands, the hind limbs certainly slowly stood upright to support the whole body, thus they could slowly walk upright.
2, Although it is easy to fall down or stand unsteadily when walking upright at first,but, in a group life of equality and mutual assistance, everyone could stand up together by holding hands and helping each other friendly, which also shows that evolution, even in specific aspects, is often co-occurring.
3,Walking upright enable themselves to chin up and chest out, eliminate the short-sighted when the head lower, raising head facilitated to look in all directions, look for more and further food, forward-looking, vision broader, broader mind, increased knowledge, accumulated wisdom.
Solved survival crisis,and with a variety of food for choice, they were easy and happy. As soon as they felt comfortable, their thoughts would be active, their inspiration came out, their consciousness improved, and their wisdom developed. As a result, they mainly focused on how to live a better life. They constantly creatively used a variety of tools to improve the environment, transform nature, and obtained more and better food and supplies. Especially dexterity of both hands enabled them to help each other conveniently and timely,so that always grateful, changed the animal’s fate almost incapable laugh, often happily smiling,their brain completely relaxed, activating, constantly produced new language, greatly promoted interaction and communication, brainstorming, forming a virtuous cycle.
The key is in equality and unity of social life, make everyone is not only willing to, and easy to interaction and communication, so, everybody’s wisdom and ability are often equal to the addition of numerous people, supplement each other, bring out the best in each other, physiology habits, mental consciousness had been constantly optimizing, not only stood up like people from then on, and finally lived out of “human beings” — evolved into stand proudly in nature, was not afraid of any biology, truly equal, full freedom, unity and mutual assistance of higher animals-human! Such tribal groups became human societies.
Visible, the manner this kind of apes adopted was: everyone has power to start and participate to decide all affairs, formally, the birth of human is with living in groups society form, essentially, it is the relationship between people (later known as the political) must be equality and freedom, directly created or referendums on collective affairs, directly elect and depose leaders, namely, democracy is the premise of the birth of human society, is the key human evolved from the animal and distinguish with all animals. Democracy naturally is, should be, and can only be direct democracy, rather than indirect democracy in which decisions are made exclusively by agents such as officials.That is, a true democratic system is actually very simple — the system of universal trust and agency.
Thus, it follows that:freedom and equality are only natural rights of animals. Unity, mutual assistance, sharing and cooperation on the basis of equality are the key for lower animals to evolve into higher animals-human. The herbivore group only has the superficial unity, in fact is full of the animal king dominate group by hierarchy hegemony system; Carnivore is only individual freedom, equality alone, is full of the law of the jungle, persist their old ways, so that both of them are caught in the low-level cycle of nature balance law, impossibility have qualitative evolution.
If contemporary human beings still inherit and play these two kinds of systems, under the circumstance that human power can destroy all materials, doomed that human society, together with nature, has been degrading, weakening, dissimilating and deteriorating, until all perish together!
The evidence is as follows:
1.The richness and advance lop of the language
There is almost no language in the animal kingdom, and the sound of animals interacting with each other can only be limited to some special aspects. It is impossible for animals to evolve into the rich language of human beings: meeting the needs of communication, expressing emotions and displaying wisdom. existing simple language among animals is based on the urgent needs of the common: risk alert and intimidate the other party contact, call the young sons for food, looking for the young sons, summon the opposite sex in oestrus, etc., this a few kinds of language features:suffer strong stimulation, instinct physiological reaction, if don’t send voice,it is not enough to have a corresponding effect, or explode not without reason,all need only some very simple notes, syllables, tones, A very simple criterion is that each animal’s emergency breathing in response to the above phenomenon can be roughly emitted by its own vocal organs, and other similar animals can feel the same way and understand it.
the reason why animals are almost impossible to form other languages, because even if the same kind animals, between each other is given priority to with law of the jungle, at the same time, the only criteria any animal survival is selfish and inconsiderate, except the mothers take care of the young son in tending period, it is also because their young son are the meats which away from their body but also not completely separated, taking care of them likes take care of herself, once when the mother is face life and death hungry, eat her the young sons is equal to recycle their own flesh, naturally, there is no moral guilt.
So there are not many problems that need to be communicated to each other, or even on the contrary, don’t want other animals to know or share their information; Key is, within groups without exception are popular level commandeer system, all “speak” by individual physical strength, namely,strength is common “language”, intuitive, simple, and easy to understand, such a pressure group, no need the language of equally communicated, on the contrary,which sees the weak dare to”speak”as “nonsense”, “dissonant noise” or “unruly”, the weak would “dare to anger can’t say” – then, it’s impossible to produce language.
Even if some animal Kings can create many kinds of howling languages to command others, the oppressed will instinctively reject them or pretend not to understand them. At least, these languages cannot be perfected and spread due to the lack of communication and discussion. The weak are forced to report in languages, and the weak will only deliberately mix up the meanings to achieve the effect of deception,so,all of them cannot form a common language. As for different kind of animals are limited to different physiological structures and more brutal competition for life and death, there will be more no common language.
In addition, the animal emotions are mainly anger, fear,scream, even will suppress the voice instinctly when the satisfaction, excitement as found food or prey, for fear of being heard by other animals, therefore, these kinds of the emotional voice which can’t control one’s feeling do not need, should not be spread into language too.
In the same way, even if is the human society, when implementing the hegemony hierarchical rule, also barely produce or rich language,on the contrary, it has been suppressing the existing language, such as free speech is prohibited, the suppression of free performance, even cruelly cut the weak slave’s tongue, etc., at most,can only create these languages which deliberately misleading the people, confuse right and wrong,so as to match,maintain the rule of the reactionary, ridiculous. For example, in ancient China, “the three principles and the five constants”, “the king wants the minister to die, the minister has to die”, “the father wants the son to die, the son has to die”, many new words have been created in modern times, such as “unified thought”, “unified expression” and so on.
In the recorded history of China, from”burn books and bury Confucian scholars alive” by the first emperor of Qin, to”Dethrone all schools and respect Confucianism only”by the emperor Wu of the Han dynasty, to the “literary inquisition”in the Qing dynasty, to the “cultural revolution” by the Communist party of China in MAO Zedong’s era, and so on, the fate of language and culture were castrated through generations.
Thus, to produce the language of spiritual products, the following premises are needed:
(1) ,every animal must be free in spirit and free from fixed external compulsion.
(2), there is no too much self-life pressure, life can not be too simple,need rich and colorful.
(3),using only a talented, not only from the powerful, so that everyone likes to be the advanced of spirit, master, mentor,teacher or student, dare,diligent in,adept at using original language to guidance everyone or spread good language.
(4), language is the need of communicating with each other, it must:
A, more than two living in groups, the more the better, the group needs a good centripetal force, cohesion, if only popular scattered living alone, can only talk to oneself, will only make the language atrophy or confusion;
B, all aspects need to be communicated,it has to that: everyone has the right to discuss all aspects, so that every time, everywhere, everything will have the participation of the people, multi-party communication, in order to better cooperation, make concerted efforts, should have more the spirit of comprehensive communication needs, such as freedom of belief. If everywhere are set limited, will only be formidable, at a respectful distance;
C, more need willing to communication between each other,then it needs everyone is equal status, if one party is commanding, order people by gesture, force command, suppress dissent, and the other are obsequious, bow and scrape,both no need rich language, even if hegemony leader demand to strict enforcement of orders and prohibitions,the oppressed used to flattery, also make the language great limitations, simplification, especially nausea smelly, cannot make the general populace to accept;
D, finally need everyone can smooth communicate, if, although everybody are equality, freedom, but lead to and let a few people abuse freedom without self-discipline occupying a public platform, has been influencing the others, not only annoying, such as have a dialogue with the deaf or as chicken and duck talk, and will scatter disintegrate social, therefore, need mechanisms to maintain everyone with good interaction, can mental calm, mutual understanding and mutual accommodation, mutual help love everyone, there is sense of responsibility.
(3), the language also need to unify consensus, should not each sticks to his argument, one man’s meat is another man’s poison, as all nationalities in the contemporary world say to oneself, seemingly culture is rich, in fact, lead to communication very difficult, it takes at least multipled time and energy to translate the language, also hard to avoid misunderstanding, and then stranger to one another, estrangement, closed to each other, stubbornness and ignorance, like degraded to the primitive animal kingdom or slave society, restrict sb.’s activities to a designated area or sphere,feudal separationist rule, brutal opposite.
Therefore, it needs mechanism to let everyone make language of conventional or the majority loving talking about, rise to all comply with the standards, no longer stick to self-opinion based on selfish or habits, refuse to a unified language, also no longer be deliberately mystifying, cause dissent and misunderstandings,rather than can together perfect, fix language, and popularizing, whether the difference of race,region, origin, can speak freely to each other,easily and suffcient dedicate his kindness, humor, fine, make everyone able to barrier-free feel loving of others and gain others’ wisdom, bring out the best in each other.
Language also need physical carrier, of course, but all animals as long as with a spirit nearly have a vocal organs, only the human by upright and the division of hand provides a good the auxiliary carrier for language expressing, when the original language hard to avoid others don’t understand,just need to make the corresponding body movements to assist, only hand is convenient.
Therefore, some scientists think upright made humans evolved the perfect pronunciation organs, this is not the key to produce human language, because almost every animal have pronunciation organs, many animals have higher speech organs than the human , such as birds are born as “singer”, but is only “chirp”, even can’t speak nonsense, can’t make rich language.
As for Engels and some scientists said, it was labor that produced language. Far relied upon, because, labor work is mainly about the activity of human to the objective object or nature, human and nonhuman objects need no, can’t rely on verbal communication too, and, even if the collective labor, if the prevailing is slavery and even employment, among workers seldom need language to discuss communication, slave owners or private employers mostly set the various aspects of labor requirements, no need employees play many subjective initiative, the employer knows, the relationship employees with them is opposite at all,they can’t let any employees equally share with their interests, As a matter of fact, employees will not give play to much subjective initiative language mainly beneficial to the employer. Even if there is relevant language, it is mostly superficial to help others, but actually self-serving. As a result, they need to pay a lot of attention to discriminate, and it is hard to avoid being misled. Therefore, employers even forbid employees to speak in the process of labor, so as to avoid affecting work efficiency and leading to disagreement. Even after work, the communication between slaves or employees is often limited, or at least not advocated, to prevent them from colluding in private against employer.
So, what systems were implemented in the ape-man era to only make language to inevitably come into being?
1. Only democratic elections and their campaigns can encourage and stimulate many people with potential language ability to win through language expression. In order to become a candidate, convince people to fully trust themself, need to rely on rich and colorful language to make speeches and campaign. Often, a good language creator will be recognized as a wise man, a mentor, and able to perform well, and be sought after by people and elected as a leader.
However, the democratic election is Only candidates individual spoke more language,and only proceed once every few years or a certain period of time, so the language production was greatly limited in space and time, only less tnan1%. Therefore, only —
2, everyone have the right to to propose a referendum always, everywhere,on everything, so that: in main body, thousands of times enlarged from a few people to all the people; In terms of time, shorten from every few years to every moment; In space, extend from a few places for campaign speeches to everywhere everyone involved; On the object, infinitely enrich from the candidates package of simple language to everything in detail! All need to speak out freely and convince others by reasoning. Only by reasoning with others, especially everyone with each other, can only quickly produce rich, rational and wonderful language!
3,anyone in order to create a whole new language, in addition to the need to have the corresponding of talent and dissolve into the outside production or life, also need to have a sense of justice, cannot too selfish, because selfish makes often oneself confined to their own small circle, unavoidably too shortsighted, cannot produce one thousand times, one hundred million times of language, and selfish means unthink, worry, fear of others knowing, sharing or hindering his private life or interests, the more inhibit communication and language. Democratic election system make candidates can make a speech only rely on the sense of justice and righteousness for everyone and its rich rational selfless language, so as to “He that gains the people gains the world”; everyone have the right to propose and participate in a referendum in a direct democracy, that makes everyone able and willing to be a master or a student of language. At the same time, to win the love and support of others, also need both excellent in voice and affection, strive for the beautiful language; In particular is –
4,after human upright life, sexual intercourse between a man and a woman can not continue to like vertebrate beast “attacks” from the back of the mother, and need face to face, have to face up to a woman’s eye contact, facial expression, in addition from the ape qualitatively changed into humans, according to the foregoing, is to rely on female ape’s key deed of the first hand, female apes and later women won the men’s admiration and respect, and the equality of all naturally also include the equality between men and women, so that between men and women want sexual intercourse,must get the woman’s agreement, so,have to have feelings,and need language to express love, these original language can have the richest inspiration and new ideas as gushing, In addition, according to the natural habits of wild animals, there was no self-restraint such as being constant in love, single-minded love and monogamy etc. Instead, it was inspired by feelings, and love had no boundaries and could speak freely,words of love were like “devotion of love”(Chinese folk “national anthem”), a steady flow of and hundreds of high lights.
This is the key which humans when born could quickly produce colorful languages ! And then handed down from generation to generation, benefiting the generation after generation!
As for Why is the language of modern humans still not beautiful enough, it is because the society of direct democracy was divided, weakened, dissimilated, degraded and even imprisoned by land private ownership and its maximized-hegemonic hierarchical countries, which made language develop slowly or forget quantitatively. As for why there are so many disgusting or unpleasant languages spreading in modern times, it is because the officials on purpose and the people have been being forced to breed many dissimilated languages to cater the hegemonic hierarchical system in thesel countries, so that the language is constantly distorted in nature.
As for, why is there no written evidence? That’s because:
(1),reasonable language rules even if without words, everyone can also understand tacitly, everyone has minds think alike, heart to heart,had been fast popularizing.
(2), everyone was free and equal, every day happy life always was no enough time, there was no urgent need to record these with words, written records are often authorities need to build a monument for their biography or replace their need to repeat the oral command.
(3), the apes of human ancestors were “very modest”,neither good at propagating themselves, nor did they try to educate others of the same kind into same human, and other apes did not understand the language of “apes-men”, no words and sounds were used to propagate and guide them. This is one of the reasons why other ancient apes did not evolve into humans together.
(4), It did n’t last long, and there is no recognized knowledge of natural science that needs to be systematically learned by other people and descendants. It seems that there is no need to form character to describe it. As a result, most languages have not yet become fixed and recognized and rised into characters which should be universally obeyed, language and so on was used by the later hegemonic class in the opposite.
. When hegemony group had divided into the so-called nations,carryed out the hierarchical hegemony rule, because it reverse heart, destroy human nature,against nature,against science, were opposed instinctively by the people – especially everyone was natured, honest then,the people were unable to understand and accept, only badly in need of corresponding text to order all the people to comply with these reactionary rules, because it is very difficult to want the people especially civilians to remember any the content of unreasonable or calling white black, whether how the authorities repeatedly have been infusing brainwashing,shouting oneself hoarse,the ruling class was badly in need of forming corresponding words to publicity, forced everyone to read and remember, to obey without objections.
As for the reason why the l language in the society of hegemonic hierarchical rule is also relatively rich and developed, it is also because the characteristics of hegemonic rule are: all land under the whole heaven,belongs to king; all the people in the whole land,are ruled by king; Hegemons have the power to manage and regulate everything, so need to produce countless related words to express. As a result, the formation of many words have been carved naked hegemonic hierarchy meaning. Such as chinese “王（sound:wang;meaning:king)”word : all land(土) is under”一（sound:yi;meaning:one)”person;such as more”天(sound:tian;meaning:sky)”word: “一(sound:yi;meaning:one)” body sky is only above “一人(sound:yi ren;mending:one person”; Even “大(sound:da;meaning:big)” is composed of “一人one person”, which means that only the supreme dictatorthe is the person with the greatest power and strength.
Visible, only the human society with equality,freedom and direct democracy can produce rich languages,the society with hierarchical hegemony rule hardly produce rational language.The languages they spread are inherited from the original democratic society;their original languages are mostly the de terioration or ugly of human sound; the society of Indirect democracy(private land ownership and relative majority election) is too difficult to produce rich rational language, because, when the people talk is not able to be valid, can’t start the referendum, even if formed a consensus, no the force of law, the national policy have always been decided by only a few of politicians and the ruling party in turn, then what the majority of the people said are equal to said nothing, is better not to say, under the freedom of speech, can degenerate into just blather, deliberately say against words, their original language words are also more alienation, even laugh,which came down from old ape-man has become the rare spirit luxuries of human posterity, or can only bitter smile,mock,sinister smile,wild laugh —-
Evidence 2: laughter and crying produced.
The essence of biology is survival, which basically depends on physiological material activities, no need spiritual factor. Plants have no any spiritual aspects, no emotions and desires. Although animals, including humans, have spirit,but they are not equipped with the function or genes for cry or laugh. Animals basically can not cry and laugh until now, some animals can shed tears, either just “crocodile tears”, or doing the lubrication of the eyes, even if some orangutans, old cattle and other may squeeze out a little tears while come across angor, but there is still a major difference from the human cry; As for laugh, it’s almost human’s “patent”.
Although the recorded human society has lasted for thousands of years,cry and laugh have come down from one generation to another,but, the human body has not evolved the genetic tissues or organs for crying and laughing. Then, what factors make human beings cry and laugh?
Since there is no causal relationship within the body, it can only be based on factors outside the body — the spirit. Of course, the spirit is also dependent on physiological related carriers, organs and facial features to play a role. The question is, animals with the same spirit, why does it make only humans laugh and cry?
The backstepping first from why animals cannot produce laugh and cry. Animals also have a variety of organs, carriers, also have the spirit, but is not able to produce laugh and cry. This is because, in the animal world,all are only purely selfish, law of the jungle between each other, even the relationship between the mother and child keep mostly within the basic tending period when the mother to the youngest son,Once the children are able to live independently, they go their separate ways, fragmented, even the female animal will eat children directlyis when also facing life and death hungry. Thus, not only there is no gratitude between animals, even between mother and son there is almost no gratitude, that is, all can not produce moving — change countenance with moving, then can not bring happy smile;
At the same time, animals face the pressure of life and death competition lifetime, are basically in a state of tension and rushing about. In addition,can not upright.It is difficult to have a broad vision and knowledge, and no rich expression of language, no the intelligence and ability able to bring happy laughter to other animals; At most, only some animals, such as birds, can dance because proud of their beautiful feathers and figure, etc., but most of them are based on special physiological needs such as estrus, which can only arouse the interest of the opposite sex, rather than laughter. Even if some animals appear strange movements, but often make other animals feel the opportunity to take advantage of, only brutal, ruthless, inexorability, danger, no humor effect.
Since all animals cannot make themselves laugh in any way,then, can the individual animal laugh alone? It is almost impossible, because any mental activity or reflection is the reaction of immediate or stored objective things in their own hearts. Since animals have never lived through anything of touching or exciting in lifetime,unable cannot control one’s feelings to laugh through memories, so they cannot even produce a laugh, even if just a smile.
In the same way, it also makes animals almost impossible to cry: although the animal kingdom is full of pain and sorrow,but, it cannot produce crying, because not only crying is sheding tears, but also give out cry of sorrow, and face shows pain. However, in the animal kingdom, not only won’t these get sympathy and help from the other animals, only make other animals feel weak, and bullying, give full play to one’s animal disposition, seize the chance to attack, or even further intensified, make oneself more damage,
Therefore, even if the animal is being killed, it is just desperately struggling, will not cry, or even won’t call for help, because except the young son instinctly give out a painful call, also able to cause the concern and rescue of its mother, if other animals cry for help, hardly get the help of their companions,instead make the bully feel the animal weak, more brutal.
Humans also belong to the animals, if old ape-man society after produced language, had been wandering in the principle of the survival of the animal kingdom: law of the jungle and selfish, is unlikely to produce cry and laugh, because,Language also has the basic needs of communication of living or production between animals, but cry and laugh are purely spiritual reaction, no reality urgency and physiological need,then it is more difficult to produce. The production of crying and laughing requires higher premise: dedication and superb wisdom! First analysis from the main types of cry and laugh : crying and excited tears, passion laughter and moved smile.
(1),Passion laughter. Since laughter does not come from physiological function or genes, so to say, it is beyond nature. Therefore, the phenomena and situations that can make living things and people laugh also need to be beyond nature in principle. No matter how beautiful nature is, no matter how ingenious it is, it can only make people gasp in admiration and wonder, not laugh. Therefore, what can make people,especially old ape-man had never laughed before laugh, must be artistic expression,that extraordinary outside the world, ingeniously establish some suspense, the result is unexpected,but reasonable, full of wit,also full of love,enlighten People to have good virtue;wanting the people able to do so performance, must have complete freedom of expression, content no restrict, of course, not all things need language, because, many situations that elicit laughter are nonverbal, this silent wins audio, and cry is not mostly due to language upset, Chaplin’s comedy are silent film, has won the world laugh.
Unfortunately, billions of people, for thousand years, there have been only a few humorist like a flash in the pan in all the world, proportion of the one per one hundred million far can’t be born of a new thing, because, any things of development, change, especially the qualitative leap, namely, the so-called “process from quantitative change to qualitative change”, is the need the material internal change factors accumulated to more than half of the amount,can just achieve a qualitative change, not only is apes evolved into human so, but also is even laugh born in human from scratch same. If there are only a few masters in the tribe and society, even if only minority make a small number of funny performances in daily life, it is very difficult to make human beings generally evolve to laughwhen born and laugh all their lives too.
what get to the habit of “making habits natural” requires the accumulation of a quantitative majority. Any habit, qualitative change and qualitative leap, in fact,all are the law of “democracy”which the minority is subordinate to the majority, even if the existing of anything is also a democracy as a dominant and decisive role: The existence of things is “qualitative determinacy”, and the nature of any things are decided by more than half of the main aspects of its internal!
On the contrary, if a thing, including society is by the majority is subordinated to the minority or even the individual,not only is it impossible to achieve a qualitative leap, but also even the existence of itself has deteriorated: most of the components have become weak or tend to die, and decay, viruses, bacteria and so on are bound to grow up; If it tries to maintain its original appearance on the surface, it must be internal corruption, putrefaction into gas expansion, and seems to show a more “full” appearance!
Therefore,may solemnly declared: democracy is also the law of the existence of nature, especially evolution! Of course, it is the premise and basic condition for the birth and healthy existence of human society!
Can reasoning, not only was old ape-man age popular democratic elections,could just to make a few candidates, such as “The eight immortals cross the sea to show their prowess”, to rack one’s brains,think hard, used language and behavior art to attract the people happy,joyous, willing to listen to their opinions,so,they became masters of enlightenment the most people laughter;but also,a referendum was more popular,can just make almost everyone, at least more than half of the people lecturing and performing with beyond natural in everywhere, for everything , or as audience, students, after all,even if nature is very beauty, but cannot make people laugh too,so, had to make their proposition to “evolve” into more wonderful than nature, so that each was lively description, everyone loved to see and hear, not only convinced everyone their politics able to bring happiness life, but also felt that these measures wouldl make all the people full of singing and laughing away—laugh, finally habitually presented in the human of faces and originated from the human of heart with this kind of most people involving in almost all times, everywhere again and again, and with the highest spiritual nutrition ingredients inherited to later generation.
On the contrary, if human beings speciallysell laugh for money, it would fall into a self-contradiction:if the audience donot pay,I will not show!but; the audience will calculate: if your performance is not enough for me to get the effect as food on the body, I am not willing to pay money which is not in sb’s blood, much less,performance is your talent in your blood, will not lose your things, even if not show, you also wasted time! So, most people choose to wait for the “free show”; The artist thinks: if I do it for free, the audience more won’t pay for it, and I won’t get money which I deserve. In this way, it is inevitable that mankind could have winned by both sides (see the author’s other monograph),turn into a loss at both sides-artists can only “bitter smile” alone,others can only mock, or “find sth. both funny and annoying”, The self-contradictory of society itself cannot straighten out, attend to one thing and lose another, be inextricably involved, more solution is messier from beginning to end, till everybody falls into dead knot! the most sorrow of later generations, contemporary of human society just is:Basic system is self- contradicts! (see the author’s other monograph)
. At the same time, in daily life, because in the era of oldape-man, don’t need, no money too, no one sold laugh specially for money, everyone who had the corresponding gift spontaneous voluntary showed one after another,play a joke,happiness with people, because there is no pressure, only attraction, make broad audience to perform on stage, humorists emerged in endlessly, ordinary comedian, such as the stars twinkling, covered every corner of the world,so that laugh became the normalcy of the human, had profound into human physiological reaction, no longer be disppeared.
(2),As for moved smiling, also because in the nature of the law of the jungle, any creature had never been touched, so, once had, or had repeatedly made oneself’s moved situation occuring, was bound to cause oneself never had a physica lreaction, this is the law of action and reaction: by moved smile, was born by so stimulation,it is different with crying in approach but equally satisfactory in result. is the unity of opposites.
(3),crying. the function of crying originally is to vent their pain, to attract the attention of others, get others’ sympathy, get others’ help,through the cry and tears, expression,so as to remove their own pain, turn tears into smile. Obviously, the premise is that the whole society has formed an atmosphere where people love each other and help each other. If human society is similar to the law of the jungle and blindly selfish in the animal kingdom, everyone will be just like animals: more pain also won’t cry,lest has the opposite effect, even in the current human world, because most countries implemented strict hierarchical hegemony rule similar to the animal kingdom, even in the west,the people have the equality of opportunity on status (location on land) inequality, have freedom of speech with losing broad free space, have “democratic elections” with sovereignty monopolized mainly by only the politicians in turn and so on, still spread similar “Moscow does not believe tears”(Russia film) “men do not easily shed tears” “women’s tears worthless” (Chinese saying), etc.; however, to make the whole society full of people love each other, help each other’s atmosphere,it must only implement the status of all people completely equal, will not despise the poor and love the rich, bully the weak and fear the strong, and will sympathize with the unfortunate; When democratic elections are implemented,just can have people to inquire after sb.’s health poverty relief to help the weak; When a perfect referendum system is further implemented, it is inevitable that a majority of people are ready to help others and deligent to devote.
Only at this time, anyone will gradually cry,while encountering misfortune, pain, especially in the language is not smooth, can not or not good at expression, crying is the most simple, direct language for help, can ” a hundred responses to a call”,strike a resonant chord, the help of others can make them quickly turn tears into smile.
(4),As for the emotional tears, also belongs to the category of touching,it is one erupts instantly the depressed tears with touched when suddenly met a savior in pain. If just touched by a general feeling, will feel joy from the bottom of one’s heart and smile instinctively. these must also have the aforementioned direct democratic environment: equal status and equity rights, which makes everyone think that I have helped others unconditionally and they will help me in the same way. Everyone has the right to bring up the referendum and run for most offices, so, most people need to win the love and support of the public with their dedication anytime and anywhere. Even if need the public just agree with a certain proposal, if the proposer’s character is not recognized by the public, it is difficult to win the support of the public’s instinctive good felling. In this way, the touching scenes which people help others, people love others, can be seen everywhere, need to help, is extremely easy to obtain, therefore, arouse gratitude smile slowly and became a normal physiological response,is also at least return to the benefactor.
From the habit of laughing and crying human spread, can also prove that direct democracy was practiced in the age of ape-man.
Evidence 3:Great increases in ape longevity
Apes’ lifetime maintains in 20 to 40 years of age so far, and again under special protection from modern humans. However, in ancient times,such as in china, even if matriarchy had been fallen behind to the patriarchal clan times with only a small part of democracy, at that time, the three most famous leaders in China, Yao, lived for about 136 year old (see encyclopedia of China Baidu ). later successor:Shun,only lived for about 103 year old,due to the democratic degree more weakened,Then later: Yu, only lived about100 year old,with the (democratic) times retreating together, Moreover, there is no record that the three of them were long at the time, so it may be just average life. But that has severalfold exceeded the lifespan of apes.
However, yu’s son inherited the throne on the basis of blood, the king and his associates practiced the class hegemonic slavery similar to animal groups. It was not only equivalent to the degradation of herbivores’ social life, but also to control the personal freedom and spiritual freedom of the slaves in all aspects by violent means, which was countless times more dangerous than any animal group. As a result, despite inheriting the rich material heritage of the previous direct democratic society, including the ancient project of Xia Yu controlling the flood, people’s life expectancy was soon deteriorated to only about 40 years old (not as long as wild apes, much less than turtles and other animals that can be hundreds or thousands of years old, it is really useless to be a high-level intelligent animal!). And has been so short-lived till now. Of course, too much of a good thing can go wrong, Kings and emperors were stuck at an average age of 40, even if they were willing to produce or find a cure for immortality at any cost, just as modern medicine is sole pursuit of longevity with the same way,It can’t work.
Despite the contemporary western indirect democracy society led by creating technology and its material, make human longevity able to difficultly, slowly increasing, but in the whole social disparity between the rich and the poor, polarization,so that both lose, filled with separation, loneliness, cold, in particular, even the safety of life anytime and anywhere by everyone is entitled to hold a gun of the threat, extreme mental repression, the effect is extremely weak, and the majority of production get half the result with twice the effort, not worth the cost, lead to nature – originally under the action of natural law of balance can be sustainable existence is gone from bad to worse, increasingly destroyed. Mother Nature, I am afraid,maybe regret the birth of man (limit to subject of this article, which is discussed in my separate book).
On the contrary, it is entirely conceivable that people lived longer before the ancient patriarchal clan. Because, even if from the physiological factor of life, the physiological satisfaction of abundant food and clothing, especially a free and dignified spiritual satisfaction, which everyone has the right to be his own master, and a social environment where people help each other and mutual love, are the only choices for long life. The spiritual factor, not only occupies more than 99% of the needs of human health and longevity (see the author’s other monograph for details), but also, touched and laughter often, are the best spiritual nutrition, laugh ten years young, laugh is the source of a long life. Matriarchal clans in direct democracy laughed at most,should live the longest! at same time,with equal status and direct democracy,not only can everyone give full play to their individual vitality,but also can gain the join forces that is equal to mathematical product, can just unity is strength, have ample food and clothing;moreover, ancient times all foods were almost natural, they could be more lived longer.
Originally, if the ancient direct democracy could have been retained to this day, the human longevity expectancy would have surely increased every day; if could sublimate to the whole democracy (politics, economy, morality, etc.all implement corresponding direct democracy), everyone can necessarily live to more than thousands of years old
(see author’s other monographs and series video for more details)
Evidence 4: Beast’s fear of humans standing upright with their hands raising and glaring.
lions, tigers and other beasts of prey are not afraid of bigger animals than them, giraffes, cattle and horses, and even elephants are their prey, even today’s apes and humans, still will be hunted and killed by them, so that people always turn pale at the mention of a tiger,as soon as most people encounter the tiger, will only flee in disorder. In fact,when facing tiger lion etc the majority carnivores, chin up and chest out, hold high both hands, glare, and give an angry roar, the beast mostly off shrink back at the sight, even though they are not always willing to let go, will also repeatedly tentatively stretch their claws, but, generally dare not rashly attack, finally will also walk away; At this time, if there are many people to join hands to hold high together, may be scared to immediately escape,just is the beasts even beasts group.
The reason why beasts have handed down such fear from generation to generation, are likely to be because, at that time,when facing beast, old ape-men spontaneously formed upright and raised hands, and threw stone or showed this look, and often many people hand in hand, heart to heart, heart and hand was linked together(such as South Korea’s Olympic theme song), made them remembered the “high-hand” unique skill (even Chinese call one with martial arts high strength as “master-hand”), so that beast are rarely attack ape so far, maybe almost all of the apes have also imitated the actions of raising high both hands, unfortunately, apes know only to imitate the surface of kung fu, not to know the inside story, however, beast is also afraid of the surface Kung fu(martial arts).
Some scientists think that apes raise their hands (forelimbs)，is in order to maintain balance, which is actually not true. The movement of maintaining balance should be that the hands are spread from side to side like wings, rather than raise above the head, and the raised hands are even more unstable. Contemporary mankind raising both hands is basically to express the derogatory sense of surrender in life and death antagonistic fight . It can be seen that only non-democratic human behavior will only forget and distort the great history of “man’s nature at birth is good”(From an ancient Chinese text[three character classic])
Evidence 5: the inheritance of direct democracy in ancient times, such as Switzerland, Britain and Greek city-state.
The reason why contemporary western countries are able to retain varying degrees of democracy, is because in the ancient Greek city-states, many areas of British, the states of Swiss had prevailed direct democracy, particularly in Britain, Switzerland almost without interruption. Moreover, after the great charter movement in the 12th century and the glorious revolution in the 16th century in England, democracy “rose” to the national level of the United Kingdom.
Then, how did ancient democracies of these three nations come into being? it is not,of course, the “bible of democracy” that God sent from heaven.and In terms of geographical research, there were no apes living in Western Europe even the whole Europe, there would not direct birth of human beings on the spot. The human beings in Europe could only have migrated from Africa which is relatively close. In accordance with the foregoing, the African ape-men were qualitative changed by apes beating lions and other animals on democracy,African ape-man is ape by democracy defeated lions and other beasts and became human. and more mature as their physiology and psychological were, more not accustomed to the local of direct sunlight and heat, after all, humans were no longer primarily tree dwellers like apes, the leaves can keep out sunshine, and can feel the cool wind on high of trees, but, people lived in the ground, would only suffer pain.
Then,they wanted to move to cooler places, mainly selected to float downstream the Nile, to the north; Because the middle and lower reaches of the Nile are mostly hot deserts, arid lands, and more unsuitability to human life, they could only drift all the way to the Mediterranean Sea, and then continued northward along the coast,where were sparse plants and food, until they were blocked by the Bosporus strait in Turkey. Since Turkey still had a hot climate and the plateau was not ideal, they crossed the strait( on why ancient people were able to cross the strait and drift the Nile, when they could not build ships,see my other monograph please) and reached Europe.
Attracted by the Greek island of romantic beach and a landscape of lakes and mountains at one blow, made the majority people who enjoyed playing and smart (typical type O blood) stop there, respectively built later known as the city-states, built the most brilliant civilization achievements of democracy in the ancient world, especially for each family of one person acted as lawmakers in turns, made up the referendum system, can yet be regarded as one of the most fair and convenient democratic form in the national government. May, however, because these pioneers of blood quality was much more enjoying playing,they can’t hold the perfection of democracy and advantages, but reveled in the late captured many foreigners as slaves,changed into the class democracy, made the basis of direct democracy—equality, was removed, the Greek democracy building, of course,had been leaned,reel right and left,difficult to stand up so far.
As the saying goes: man moves upwards as water flows downwards. Some people who didn’t like water, or didn’t like the heat of the Greek Mediterranean climate (type A blood) continued to move from east to west, and more beautiful, more can’t they stop their pace of curious, idealistic. Continued the long march, until Switzerland that paradise, land of idyllic beauty, just deeply attracted them. Moreover, even if compared with the surrounding areas of Switzerland, still felt that only this Alpine mountain is outstanding and too much beautiful things!
Therefore, most of them who were the peaceful temperament, liking to study, excelsior, stayed in this beautiful mountains, lived and worked in peace and contentment, not only made Switzerland in full bloom with the flowers of direct democracy, but also bear the fruits of the Swiss people’s fine work,wonderful artical excelling nature, a lot of craftsmanship enjoy great prestige in the world so far!
Of course, those(blood type A partial O) who did not much like the mountains, or who were not content with their conservative way of life,went down the mountain and westward to the English channel, in order to advance into the vast, better world, to run free. Due to channel perennial fog made them feel the strait to appear not too wide, should be the same wide with the Bosporus in Turkey, so, the warriors of their jumped on the sea, braved the wind and the waves, went forward, life and death of mutual assistance, and said humorous joke to make companion relax. Although sacrificed many people on the way, but in the end,all who arrived in the British Isles were proven particularly outstanding person: strong, brave, calm, optimistic, full of enterprising spirit, and keep the tradition of direct democracy.
This inherited gene is also the main reason,which the British people have been able to use the few to defeat the many in past dynasties,invincibly beat the world,created a piece of the empire on which the sun never sets. However, after all, these warriors were more aggressive than those living in the mountains of Switzerland. They were easy to become Kings, and alienated into hierarchical kingdoms at the state level, until “Great Charter of Liberties” movement in12th century,the “glorious revolution” in the 16th century, the democracy rose to the national government system of the United Kingdom.the king is just nominal.
Evidence 6, the proof of the matriarchal clan of primitive society in ancient China and Yao, Shun and Yu’s democratic times.
From the geographical distribution, apes live mainly in central Africa, southeast Asia, including southern China and South America on the earth, but, on the current archaeological,the old ape-men were born only in central Africa, southern China,etc , South America doesn’t seem to have evolved into ape-man, it also verify, that the ape evolving into human is mainly by chance, because,this “inevitability”is unsuited to natural balance law, nature will not choose to commit suicide— because, human will destroy nature itself, if no direct democracy system constraint .
There was matriarchal society at first in Chinese ancient, and then,became into the patriarchal clan society, history textbooks think it’s evolution, in fact it is degraded, it is the beginning that human direct democracy was castrated step by step, is the beginning of the atavism which the king of animals implement dictatorship hegemony rule, Yao Shun Yu era was the Chinese ancient patriarchal clan system, had been in vogue polygamy, gender inequality started,the big tribal family also began to be dispersed to many blood small families, although still retained democratic elections, but often limited to the community leaders by meeting for choice heir, only would still elect talent.
Chinese textbooks call this “abdication system”, but it is not a personal decision of the leader,is the result of a collective vote. Obviously, the remaining democratic election system could only come from the matriarchal era of direct democratic inheritance. Because, patriarchal clan can’t bear a democracy, it is whole dictatorship:tribe by chief autocracy, each family by the father autocracy, the beginning of the male oppressing women in society, and quickly turned into familial class supremacy by logic, after Yu’s death, his son succeeded to the throne, set up the first slavery dynasty in China – the Xia dynasty, from then, the rule of patriarchal clan pedigree inheritance with tyranny, turned into the traditional class hegemony dynasty and its slave society or a disguised form slave society (all the people’s human rights are proscribed) and spread so far in many countries or places of the world (see my other books),and have suppressed, tampered with numerous scientific,penetrating judgment and insights, including this article.
(As for why such a nice ancient direct democratic society was still subverted, see the profound anatomy of the author’s other monograph please.)